3. Irene de- Bonis dei Baroni de Nobili’s travels among not familiar Italian women migrants on Usa, August 1911
She was questioned because of the ozzi Danieli, chief of your own “Ladies Long lasting Assistant to possess Protection of females and children Immigrants” (ICW 1909-1919), to learn functioning and you may life conditions of women immigrants to the Us (36)
A new york County “Facility Exploring Percentage” was created following the TSF flames to answer “the new request of those of one’s State to have a mindful and you will medical data of one’s requirements less than and that guys, women and kids work in various marketplace. The legislature subscribed new Percentage to query towards the conditions under and therefore development try continued inside urban centers of basic and second-class of your own County, towards the stop you to remedial laws was passed towards protection of lives and you can health of all factory workers and you will to find the best interests of the social basically” (40). Laws had been enacted as a result of the Commission’s very first year’s really works (19step 12) requiring: 1. Registration away from factories. 2. step three. Flames exercises. 4. Automatic sprinklers. 5. Fire avoidance because of the elimination of garbage; fire-evidence receptacles having waste elements; protection off energy jets; ban from smoking in industrial facilities. 6. Ban regarding food lunch when you look at the room where toxic substances had been wishing otherwise produced undergoing make; enough sizzling hot and cooler washing organization such organizations. eight. Prohibition off work of women to have a month shortly after childbirth. 8. Report about new efforts of your Commissioner regarding Labour when you look at the sanctioning dangerous and you may unsanitary factories.
Physical study of people in advance of issuing a certification allowing them to functions
Irene de Bonis dei Baroni de- Nobili (1869-?) are a member of the brand new National Council of women (CNDI) centered from inside the Italy into the 1903 just like the a department of one’s All over the world Council of women (ICW), hence held its earliest meeting into the Arizona D.C. in 1888. Prior to now, for the 1908, the entire Immigration Percentage of the Italian Ministry out of International Things had hired the brand new Irish-Italian Amy A good. Bernardy (1879-1959) and come up with an inquiry toward moral and you may issue conditions out of feminine and kids on eastern element of Usa, labeled as “Nothing Italies” (3).
De- Bonis left Naples for the August 31 th 1911 aboard the fresh new Duca di Genova for brand new York and you may came back seventy-three days after board the brand new Oceania. Throughout their own go New york she satisfied 235 third class immigrant women and you can helped him or her through Ellis Area. Afterwards she went to New york, Newark, Brooklyn, Corona. Their unique coming in the New york try revealed of the Sunlight (12nd Sep): “To review Female’s SUFFRAGE Here. The newest Italian steamship Duca di Genova which turned up from Naples past day and occured inside the Quarantine, has on panel the new Baroness Irene de- Bonis de Nobili, probably one of the most active professionals for ladies suffrage when you look at the Italy who’s got reach America and work out a study of one’s standing off Italian immigrant feminine right here. The brand new Duca di Genova will come to her dock to help you-day” (37). The magazine El Paso Herald (15 th September) including revealed https://kissbrides.com/fi/kuuma-israeli-naiset/ : “BARONESS Will be to Services Country Women – Baroness De Nobili, one of the leading comfort of woman’s suffrage way inside Italy, features left Home for brand new York towards steamer Duca d’Aosta, and come up with a study of criteria away from Italian feamales in the brand new United states. The latest baroness, whose full term is actually baroness Irene de- Bonis de- Nobili aims to discover the method by which the ladies organizations regarding Italy is away from assist with its emigrated sisters” (10).
When you look at the Nyc De- Bonis came across the fresh Chairman of Women’s Trade union League (WTUL) Margaret Dreier Robins (1868-1945). Because president of one’s Group, Margaret Robins aided plan out feminine with the unions, instruct female experts and you will advocate to have modern legislation. She definitely offered of a lot strikes, especially brand new Around the globe Women’s Apparel Workers’ hit from inside the Nyc (1910) called “the great revolt” away from sixty,000 cloak producers. She pushed getting protective regulations restricting the brand new instances out of ladies’ works, and she presided along side Category throughout their most important months (26). De- Bonis plus satisfied their own professional Secretary Helen Marot (1865-1940), who had wrote Handbook off Work Record (1899) or any other relevant contributions. Inside the 1903 Robins entered the new WTUL and you can examined kids labor inside New york and additionally Florence Kelley and Josephine Goldmark (1877-1952) (26). De- Bonis in addition to fulfilled Elizabeth Dutcher, President of Nothing Italy Community Association. So it Relationship try depending inside Brooklyn during the 1905 and another regarding new sisters from Margaret Dreier, Katherine Sophie Dreier (1877-1952), try a good co-inventor (26).